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Energy Efficiency: For Small and Medium Scale Enterprises

by Elizabeth Muguti Intermediate Technology Publications
Pub Date:
02/1999
ISBN:
9781853394461
Format:
Pbk 96 pages
Price:
AU$39.99 NZ$41.73
Product Status: Out of stock. Not available to order.
A general misconception among industries, small or large, in developed as well as developing countries, is that taking care of the environment, by using clean technologies and by saving energy, is a cost-incurring activity. This conviction leads to a poor attention to environmental considerations and therefore high losses in raw materials, energy and finances. Energy Efficiency for Small and Medium Enterprises forms part of the Energy and Environment Technology Source Books series. The book shows that the improvement of product efficiency can be in harmony with financial gains. In particular, it encourages support for women entrepreneurs to get involved with the technical aspects of the production process. Above all, Energy Efficiency for Small and Medium Enterprises aims to provide basic information on energy saving options for those involved with the economic empowerment of micro entrepreneurs.

INTRODUCTION xi; Who can implement an energy crisis programme? xii; How can the energy efficiency of an enterprise be improved? xiii; 1 The importance of energy efficiency programmes 1; Advantages of energy efficiency 1; Potential difficulties 3; Case study: Cold storage, India 5; 2 Analysis of the existing situation (Step 1) 7; Knowing the business 7; Exercise 1 Analysing the enterprise's strengths and weaknesses 8; Determining energy consumption using energy bills 9; Example 1 Energy consumption in cassava processing 11; Analysing the production system and related energy consumption 14; Exercise 2 Assessing energy efficiency 15; Example 2 Operational stages in cassava processing 17; 3 Identifying immediate energy saving potentials (Step 2) 19; A 'top ten' of simple changes that save energy 19; Case study: Brickmaking, Zimbabwe 24; Case study: Bread baking, Ghana 24; Case study: Sun-drying bricks, Zimbabwe 25; Doing a visual energy check 25; 4 Technology options for energy saving 28; A. Electricity supply system 28; Case study: Cereal processing, Peru 30; B. Using energy efficiently 31; C. Efficient stoves 35; Case study: Sweet making, The Philippines 37; D. Heat recycling 38; E. Biomass waste as a source of energy 40; Case study: Coir briquettes, Sri Lanka 45; F. Renewable energy sources 49; Case study: Installation of a micro hydro-electric scheme, Peru 60; 5 Choosing the best option (Step 3) 62; Potential energy savings 62; Financial considerations 62; x ENERGY EFFICIENCY; Example 3 Calculating the payback period 63; The production system 63; Technology 64; Case study: Imported vs locally made pumps 64; Case study: Availability of foreign exchange 65; The market 65; Environmental considerations 66; Social considerations 66; Checklist for selecting an energy saving technology 68; 6 Implementation, monitoring and evaluation 70; Implementation (Step 4) 70; Monitoring (Step 5) 71; Evaluation (Step 6) 72; BIBLIOGRAPHY 75; SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION 76; GLOSSARY 81

Elizabeth Muguti is an Assistant Director in Zimbabwes Department of Energy, where she is responsible for energy management programs and reduction of environmental impacts of energy exploitation and use in Zimbabwe. She previously worked as Energy Research Officer and Senior Principal Energy Development Officer. Ms. Muguti has acted as resource person in many training workshops and written numerous publications and papers on energy, women, environment and development.