The definition and understanding of ''terrorism'' is in a state of unprecedented evolution. No longer are acts of terrorism rare and far-flung. Following the horrendous attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, U.S. citizens have had their eyes opened to a new world where this nightmare stalks the daily news and is never far from consciousness.
Attacking Terrorism brings together some of the world's finest experts, people who have made the study of this rising menace their life's work, to provide a comprehensive picture of the challenges and opportunities of the campaign against international terrorism. Part one, ''The Nature of Terrorism,'' provides an overview and foundation for the current campaign, placing it within the political and historical context of previous threats and responses. Part two, ''The Responses to Terrorism,'' looks at the range of policy instruments required in an effective strategy against terrorism.
The contributors to this volume bring finely honed analyses and nuanced perspectives to the terrorist realities of the twenty-first century history, analyses, and perspectives that have been too often oversimplified or myopic. They bring a new depth of understanding and myriad new dimensions to the crisis of terrorism. And they reach into aspects of counterterrorism that broaden our grasp on such important tools as diplomacy, intelligence and counterintelligence, psycho-political means, international law, criminal law enforcement, military force, foreign aid, and homeland security, showing not only how these tools are currently being employed but how often they are being underutilized as well.
Attacking Terrorism demonstrates that there are no easy answers and that the road toward victory will be long and arduous, frightening and dangerous but as Audrey Kurth Cronin states in her introduction, ''As the campaign against international terrorism unfolds, a crucial forward-looking process of strategic reassessment is under way in the United States, and this book is intended to be a part of it.''
Introduction: Meeting and Managing the Threat Audrey Kurth Cronin
Part I: The Nature of Terrorism
1. Sources of Contemporary Terrorism Audrey Kurth Cronin
2. The Four Waves of Modern Terrorism David C. Rapoport
3. Terrorism, Strategies, and Grand Strategies Martha Crenshaw
Part II: Policy Instruments in the Campaign Against International Terrorism
4. Diplomacy Michael A. Sheehan
5. Intelligence Paul R. Pillar
6. Law Enforcement Lindsay Clutterbuck
7. Military Force Timothy D. Hoyt
8. The Laws of War Adam Roberts
9. Psychological-Political Instruments Carnes Lord
10. Foreign Aid Patrick M. Cronin
11. Homeland Security Daniel Gouré
Conclusion: Toward an Effective Grand Strategy Audrey Kurth Cronin
'This volume brings together many of the world's foremost experts on terrorism and counterterrorism, who begin the important process of developing a grand strategy to address contemporary, real-world threats. Scholars and policymakers alike will benefit from the advice of contributors to reject anachronistic thinking about the relative importance of state and nonstate threats, as well as their warning that an uninformed, emotional response that ignores the dynamic relationship between terrorism and counterterrorism could increase the risk of catastrophic attack.' -- Jessica Stern, lecturer in public policy, Harvard University, and author of Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill
'Most studies of terrorism have been descriptive works about specific groups. The new priority of the problem heightens the need for policy-relevant literature that provides analytical, comparative, and functional assessments of policy instruments. This timely book, with solid and comprehensive coverage by an impressive array of expert academics and practitioners, does much to meet this need.' -- Richard K. Betts, director of the Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University, and adjunct senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations
'n unusually interesting, readable, and well integrated look at the essential elements needed for an American grand strategy to confront the scourge of global terrorism. This volume successfully seeks to explore the many components of American power necessary to construct a national campaign of substantial duration and effort against international terrorism. Particularly noteworthy are David Rapoport's historical overview of the four phases of modern terrorism and its state sponsored supporters, and Martha Crenshaw's very useful exploration about how and when the struggle against international terrorism assumed the level of grand strategy. She also reminds us importantly that 'wars are waged against adversaries, not methods.' This compendium demonstrates the extraordinarily rich analysis being done by a new generation of strategic thinkers who are tackling the problems born from post 9/11 international circumstances, much in the way an earlier generation of strategic thinkers thought about American purpose at the advent of the cold war.' -- Kurt M. Campbell, senior vice president and director of the International Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Audrey Kurth Cronin is Specialist in Terrorism, Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress, and adjunct professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University. James M. Ludes is former editor-in-chief of National Security Studies Quarterly, and coeditor of Twenty-First Century Weapons Proliferation: Are We Ready?