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Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues 6ed

by Gus Martin SAGE Publications, Inc
Pub Date:
09/2017
ISBN:
9781506385815
Format:
Pbk 552 pages
Price:
AU$127.00 NZ$132.17
Product Status: In Stock Now
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Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues offers a multidisciplinary, comprehensive exploration of contemporary terrorism that helps readers develop the knowledge and skills they need to critically assess terrorism in general and terrorist incidents. The Sixth Edition has been comprehensively updated with new information on terrorist attacks and organizations, as well as key topics such as failed states, the lone-wolf model, state terrorism and human rights violations, cyberterrorism, counterterrorism intelligence, and target hardening.


Author Gus Martin provides a fresh analysis of violent extremism, with discussions of both international and domestic challenges and options. Focused discussion is provided on contemporary threats, new movements and tendencies, and the effectiveness of responses to these scenarios. Discussion of policies and responses to terrorist environments has been augmented to include new perspectives on counterterrorist options, comparisons of domestic and international scenarios, and the contexts of promoting regional and national security to help students understand the challenges, perspectives, and issues relevant to terrorism today.

Timeline: Two Thousand Years of Terror
About the Author
Acknowledgments
Introduction and Rationale
Part I. Terrorism: A Conceptual Review
1. Terrorism: First Impressions
First Considerations
Conceptual Considerations: Understanding Political Violence
The Past as Prologue: Historical Perspectives on Terrorism
Terrorism and Criminal Skill: Three Cases From the Modern Era
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Total War
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
2. The Nature of the Beast: Defining Terrorism
Understanding Extremism: The Foundation of Terrorism
Defining Terrorism: An Ongoing Debate
A Definitional Problem: Perspectives on Terrorism
The Political Violence Matrix
Case in Point: The Orlando Mass Shooting' An Act of Terrorism and a Hate Crime
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Cold War Revolutionaries
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
3. Beginnings: The Causes of Terrorism
Political Violence as Strategic Choice
Political Violence as the Fruit of Injustice
Moral Justifications for Political Violence
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Bloody Sunday and Black September
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Part II. The Terrorists
4. Terror From Above: Terrorism by the State
The State as Terrorist: A State Terrorism Paradigm
Violence Abroad: Terrorism as Foreign Policy
Violence at Home: Terrorism as Domestic Policy
The Problem of Accountability: Monitoring State Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Authoritarianism and Democracy
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
5. Terror From Below: Terrorism by Dissidents
The Rebel as Terrorist: A Dissident Terrorism Paradigm
Warring Against the State: Antistate Dissident Terrorism
Warring Against a People: Communal Terrorism
Operational Shifts: Dissidents and the New Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: The Tamil Tigers
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
6. Violence in the Name of the Faith: Religious Terrorism
Primary and Secondary Motives: The Idiosyncratic Quality of Religious Terrorism
Historical Cases in Point: Fighting, Dying, and Killing in the Name of the Faith
State-Sponsored Religious Terrorism in the Modern Era
Dissident Religious Terrorism in the Modern Era
The Future of Religious Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: The One True Faith
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
7. Violent Ideologies: Terrorism From the Left and Right
Reactionaries and Radicals: The Classical Ideological Continuum
Left-Wing Ideologies and Activism
Class Struggle and National Liberation: The Terrorist Left
Right-Wing Activism and Extremism
Race and Order: The Terrorist Right
Violent Ideologies in the New Era of Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box 7.1: Young Nationalist Idealists
Discussion Box 7.2: Order From Chaos 194 On Your Own
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
8. Terrorist Spillovers: International Terrorism
Defining International Terrorism
Globalized Revolution: Reasons for International Terrorism
Globalized Solidarity: International Terrorist Networks
The International Dimension of the New Terrorism
Postscript: The “Stateless Revolutionariesa
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Understanding Terrorist “Spilloversa: Middle Eastern and North African Spillovers in Europe
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
9. Emerging Terrorist Environments: Gender-Selective Political Violence and Criminal Dissident Terrorism
Culture and Conflict: Gender-Selected Victims of Terrorist Violence
Protecting the Enterprise: Criminal Dissident Terrorism
A Global Problem: Regional Cases of Criminal Dissident Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Political Violence Against Women: Gender Communal Terrorism?
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Part III. The Terrorist Trade and Counterterrorism
10. Tools of the Trade: Tactics and Targets of Terrorists
The Purpose: Terrorist Objectives
The Means: Terrorist Methods
The Focus: Terrorist Targets
The Outcome: Is Terrorism Effective?
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Attacks Against the U.S. Marine and French Paratrooper Headquarters in Beirut
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
11. The Information Battleground: Terrorist Violence and the Role of the Media
Two Perspectives: The Media and Governments
Understanding the Role of the Media
A New Battleground: The War for the Information High Ground
The Public's Right to Know: Regulating the Media
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Freedom of Reporting and Security Issues
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
12. The American Case: Terrorism in the United States
An Introduction to the American Case
Background to Terrorism: Left-Wing Activism and Ideological Extremism in America
Left-Wing Terrorism in the United States
Background to Terrorism: Right-Wing Activism and Ideological Extremism in America
Right-Wing Terrorism in the United States
International Terrorism in the United States
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Domestic Terrorism in the American Context
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Part IV. Securing the Homeland
13. Counterterrorism: The Options
Responding to Terror: The Scope of Options
Warlike Operations: Counterterrorism and the Use of Force
Operations Other Than War: Repressive Options
Operations Other Than War: Conciliatory Options
Applying the Rule of Law: Legalistic Options
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: The Utility of Elite Counterterrorist Units
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
14. A New Era: Homeland Security
Homeland Security in Perspective
The American Case: Homeland Security in the United States
Civil Liberties and Securing the Homeland
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: After the Next 9/11
On Your Own
Recommended Websites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
15. What Next? The Future of Terrorism
An Overview of Near-Term Projections
The Future of Terrorism: Terrorist Environments in the 21st Century
The Future of Terrorism: New Threats
Controlling Terrorism: Ending Terrorist Campaigns and New Challenges
Final Considerations: Terrorism in the United States
Chapter Summary
A Final Thought
Key Terms and Concepts
Prominent Persons and Organizations
Discussion Box: Toward Big Brother?
On Your Own
Recommended Readings
Appendix A: Map References
Appendix B: Prominent Persons and Organization
Glossary of Terms
Notes
Index

“This is a very interesting work and offers many useful material for the classroom. Students should be able to have a well-rounded educational experience and use, or in some cases develop, critical thinking skills. The text has may tools available to help the instructor in the classroom in presenting and testing the material the student is expected to learn.”

C. Augustus “Gus" Martin is a Professor of Criminal Justice Administration at California State University, Dominguez Hills, where he regularly teaches a course on the subject of terrorism and extremism. He has also served as Associate Vice President for Human Resources Management, acting Associate Dean of the College of Business Administration and Public Policy, Associate Vice President for Faculty Affairs, and Chair of the Department of Public Administration and Public Policy. He began his academic career as a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, where he was an Administration of Justice professor. His current research and professional interests are terrorism and extremism, homeland security, administration of justice, and juvenile justice.


 


Dr. Martin is author of several books on the subjects of terrorism and homeland security, includingUnderstanding Homeland Security (SAGE Publications, 2017); Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies (SAGE Publications, 2017);The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism,Second Edition (SAGE Publications, 2011); Terrorism and Homeland Security (SAGE Publications, 2011); and The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings (SAGE Publications, 2004). He is also author of Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems (SAGE Publications, 2005).


 


Prior to joining academia, Dr. Martin served as Managing Attorney for the Fair Housing Partnership of Greater Pittsburgh, where he was also director of a program created under a federal court-mandated consent decree to desegregate public and assisted housing. He was also Special Counsel to the Attorney General of the U.S. Virgin Islands on the island of St. Thomas. As Special Counsel he occupied a personal and confidential position in the central office of the Department of Justice; sat as hearing officer for disciplinary hearings and departmental grievances; served as chair of the drug policy committee; served as liaison to the intergovernmental Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee as well as to the Narcotics Strike Force; and provided daily legal and policy advice to the Attorney General. Prior to serving as Special Counsel, he was a “floor ? Legislative Assistant to Congressman Charles B. Rangel of New York. As Legislative Assistant, he researched, evaluated, and drafted legislation in areas of foreign policy, foreign aid, human rights, housing, education, social services, and poverty. He also drafted House floor statements, Congressional Record inserts, press releases, and news articles, and composed speeches, briefing materials, and legislative correspondence.