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Occupational Health Psychology

by Irvin Schonfeld and Chu-Hsiang Chang Springer Publishing Company
Pub Date:
01/2017
ISBN:
9780826199676
Format:
Pbk 376 pages
Price:
AU$117.00 NZ$120.87
Product Status: Available in Approx 14 days
add to your cart
Instructors
& Academics:
Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) is a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field that focuses on the science and practice of psychology in promoting and developing workplace health- and safety-related initiatives. This comprehensive text for undergraduate and graduate survey courses is the first to encompass a wide range of key issues in OHP from a North American perspective. It draws from the domains of psychology, public health, preventive medicine, nursing, industrial engineering, law, and epidemiology to focus on the theory and practice of protecting and promoting the health, well-being, and safety of individuals in the workplace and improving the quality of work life.


 


The text addresses key psychosocial work issues that are often related to mental and physical health problems, including psychological distress, burnout, depression, accidental injury, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. It examines leadership styles as they impact organizational culture and provides specific recommendations for reducing employee-related stress through improved leader practices. Also addressed is the relationship between adverse psychosocial working conditions and harmful health behaviors, along with interventions aimed at improving the work environment and maximizing effectiveness.


 


Additionally, the book discusses how scientists and practitioners in OHP conduct research and other important concerns such as workplace violence, work/life balance, and safety. The book reinforces learning with chapter objectives, highlight boxes containing intriguing examples of research and current controversies, and chapter summaries.


 


Key Features:


  • Comprises the first comprehensive text on Occupational Health Psychology for undergraduate and graduate survey courses


  • Covers key issues in health psychology in the workplace such as stress, violence, work/life balance, and safety


  • Organized and written for easy access by students and faculty


  • Provides specific recommendation for reducing employee stress


  • Includes learning objectives, highlight boxes, and end-of-chapter summaries


 

Contents


Acknowledgments From Irvin Sam Schonfeld


Acknowledgments From Chu-Hsiang Chang


1. A Brief History of Occupational Health Psychology


Early Forerunners


Engels and Marx


Émile Durkheim


Max Weber and the Iron Cage


Taylor and Ford


Frederick Winslow Taylor


Henry Ford


World War I and the Interwar Years


Impact on Soldiers


The Interwar Years


Human Relations


Unemployment


From the World War II Era to the 1970s


World War II


Institute for Social Research


Tavistock and Human Relations


Changes in the British Mining Industry


Hans Selye


Stressful Life Events


Stress Research in Sweden


Developments in Sociology, Social Psychology, and Industrial Psychology


Richard Lazarus


Methodological Rigor in Research on Job Stress


OSHA and NIOSH


P–E Fit


Burnout


Decision Latitude and Job Demands


The 1980s to the Present


Two Groundbreaking Studies


Occupational Health Psychology


Work & Stress


APA–NIOSH Conference Series


Doctoral Programs in OHP


University of Nottingham


Journal of Occupational Health Psychology


ICOH–WOPS


European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology


Society for Occupational Health Psychology


Summary


2. Research Methods in Occupational Health Psychology


Research Designs


Experiment


Quasi-Experiment


Internal Validity of Experiments and Quasi-Experiments


Cross-Sectional Study


Case-Control Study


Longitudinal Study


Cohort Studies


Meta-Analysis


Two-Stage Meta-Analysis


One-Stage Meta-Analysis


Final Comment on Meta-Analyses


Other Research Designs in OHP


Diary Studies


Natural Experiment


Interrupted Time-Series


Qualitative Research Methods


Measurement


Reliability


Internal Consistency Reliability


Alternate Forms and Test–Retest Reliability


Interrater (Scorer) Reliability: Continuous Measures


Interrater Reliability: Categorical Measurement


Final Word on Reliability


Validity


Content Validity


Criterion-Related Validity


Construct Validity


Research Ethics


Summary


3. The Impact of Psychosocial Working Conditions on Mental Health


Assessing Mental Health in OHP Research


Psychological Distress and Depression


Burnout


The Impact of Job Loss on Mental Health


Two Pathways for Research on Unemployment


What the Research on Unemployment Has to Tell Us


Job Loss and Suicide


The Demand–Control(–Support) Model


Social Support Becomes Part of the Model


Measuring DCS Factors


Methodological Concerns


The Evidence Bearing on the Relation of the Demand–Control(–Support) Model to Depression and Distress


The DCS Factors and Excessive Alcohol Consumption


Workplace Support


The Impact of DCS Factors


The Job Demands–Resources (JD–R) Model and Conservation of Resources Model


The Evidence Bearing on the JD–R Model


The JD–R Model and Matching


Summing Up of the JD–R Model


The Effort–Reward Imbalance Model


Other Psychosocial Factors


Organizational Justice


Job Insecurity


Long Working Hours


Night Work and Shift Work


Stressful Occupational Events and Work-Related Social Stressors


Coping


Other Research Considerations


Reverse Causality


Controlling for Socioeconomic Status


Nonwork Stressors


Timing Waves of Data Collection


Decisions About Study Populations


Reliance on Self-Report Measures


Summary


4. Epidemiology, Medical Disease, and OHP


Cardiovascular Disease


A Riddle


Psychosocial Working Conditions Could Affect CVD Through Health Behaviors


Cigarette Smoking


Obesity and Weight Gain


Leisure Time Physical Activity


Summary


Biological Links From Psychosocial Working Conditions to CVD


Workplace Stressors and Human Biology


Cortisol and Epinephrine


Allostasis and Allostatic Load


Dysregulation of the HPA Axis and Other Harmful Effects


Summary


Depression and CVD


Burnout and CVD


Research Linking “Stress at Work” and Demand–Control Variables to CVD


Studies That Employed Imputation Strategies Linking DC Factors to CVD


Studies That Involve DC Factors That Were Assessed by Worker Self-Report


Focus on DC Factors in Women


Two-Stage Meta-Analysis


The DC and ERI Models Compared


“Mega-Study” of DC Factors


Summary of Studies Bearing on the DC and ERI Factors


The Relation of Job Loss to CVD Mortality


Job Insecurity and CVD


Long Working Hours and CVD


Bullying


Work Schedules and CVD


Socioeconomic Status and Health


Summary of Research on the Relation of Psychosocial Workplace Factors to CVD


Musculoskeletal Problems


Psychosocial Working Conditions and Musculoskeletal Problems


Evidence That Psychosocial Working Conditions Affect Musculoskeletal Problems


Two Meta-Analyses and a Systematic Review


Summary


Other Health-Related Outcomes


5. Workplace Violence and Psychological Aggression


Extent of Workplace Violence and Psychological Aggression


Prevalence of Homicide in the Workplace


Prevalence of Workplace Violence, Excluding Homicide


Prevalence of Psychological Aggression in the Workplace


Workplace Violence and Psychological Aggression Commonly Occur


Risk Factors for Violence in the Workplace and Worker-on-Worker Psychological Aggression


Risk Factors for Psychological Aggression by Workers Against Other Workers


Focus on Three Occupational Groups


Nurses


Hospital Climate


A Small Corps of Patients and the Context of Assaults


Summary of the Nursing Findings


Teachers


What Qualitative Research Has to Say


Official Data on Assault


Data Obtained From the Teachers Themselves


Summary of the Teacher Findings


Bus Drivers


Consequences of Violence Exposure at the Workplace


Cross-Sectional Research on the Consequences of Exposure to Workplace Violence


Case-Control Research on the Consequences of Exposure to Workplace Violence


Longitudinal Research on the Consequences of Exposure to Workplace Violence


Longer-Term Longitudinal Studies


Shorter-Term Longitudinal Studies


Summing up the Consequences of Violence Exposure


Consequences of Workplace Psychological Aggression


Longitudinal Research on the Consequences of Exposure to Workplace Psychological Aggression


Longitudinal Studies on Distress and Depression With Longer Time Lags


Longitudinal Studies on Distress and Depression With Shorter Time Lags


Bidirectional Effects


Outcomes Other Than Distress and Depression


Coping


Summary


6. Organizational Climate and Leadership


Organizational Climate: A Brief History


Levels of Analysis


Dimensions of Organizational Climate


Safety Climate


Antecedents of Safety Climate


Safety-Related Outcomes of Safety Climate


Other Effects of Safety Climate


Mistreatment Climate


Psychosocial Safety Climate


Other Climates Relevant to Occupational Health Psychology


Organizational Leadership: A Brief History


Contemporary Leadership Theories and Occupational Health


Transformational Leadership


Leader–Member Exchange


Abusive Supervision


Summary


7. OHP Research on Specific Occupations


Teachers


Mental Disorder, Suicide, and Physical Disorder


Within-Occupation Research


Summary


Nurses


Mental Disorder and Suicide


Within-Occupation Research


Summary


Combat Soldiers


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder


Mental Disorder and Brain Injury


Leadership


Sexual Harassment


Suicide


Summary


Postscript


First Responders


Police Officers


Summary


Firefighters


Summary


9/11


9/11 First Responders Who Were Police Officers


9/11 First Responders Who Were Firefighters


Children of 9/11 First Responders


Summary


Construction Workers


Occupational Stress and Safety


Occupational Health Issues Unique to Construction Workers


Summary


Agricultural Workers


Occupational Stress


Occupational Safety


Occupational Health Issues Unique to Agricultural Workers


Summary


8. Occupational Safety


Risk Factors in the Physical Work Environment


Occupational Health Psychology and Occupational Safety


Individual Antecedents of Safety Performance and Workplace Accidents and Injuries


Demographics


Personality


Ability Factors


Motivation-Related Differences


Situational Antecedents of Safety Performance and Workplace Accidents and Injuries


Job Characteristics


Shift Work


Implications of Considering Individual and Situational Antecedents for Safety


Summary


9. Work–Family Balance


Negative Work–Family Interface: Work–Family Conflict


Situational Antecedents of WFC


Dispositional Antecedents of WFC


Outcomes of WFC


Experience Sampling and Longitudinal Research


Cross-National Research


Positive Work–Family Interface: Work–Family Enhancement (WFE)


Situational Antecedents of WFE


Dispositional Antecedents of WFE


Outcomes of WFE


Experience Sampling and Longitudinal Research


Work–Family Balance


Consideration of the Broader Context


Summary


10.  Interventions in Occupational Health Psychology


Integrated Model for Intervention in OHP


Primary Interventions to Improve Work–Life Balance


Secondary Interventions to Improve Work–Life Balance


Tertiary Interventions to Improve Work–Life Balance


Primary Interventions to Improve Physical Health and Safety


Secondary Interventions to Improve Physical Health and Safety


Tertiary Interventions to Improve Physical Health and Safety


Primary Interventions to Improve Psychological Health and Well-Being


Secondary and Tertiary Interventions to Improve Psychological Health and Well-Being


Summary


11.  The Future of Occupational Health Psychology


The Future of OHP, Chapter by Chapter


Mental Health


Money


Personality and Social Factors


Job Crafting


Physical Health


Intermediate Pathways to CVD


Stroke


Underrepresented Groups


Workers Transitioning Into Retirement


Aggression in the Workplace


Work-Related Mistreatment via the Internet


Organizational Climate and Leadership


Industry-Specific Research


Leadership


Research on Specific Occupations


Combat Soldiers


Police Officers and Firefighters


Correctional Officers


The Self-Employed


Teaming With Workers to Develop Research Ideas


Safety


Worker Empowerment and Safety


Work–Family Balance


Families Responsible for Other Kinds of Care


The Self-Employed


Physicians


Interventions in the Workplace


Learning From Failure


Total Worker Health™


Final Thoughts


Index

Irvin S. Schonfeld, PhD, is Professor of Psychology, City College of New York (CCNY) and Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He is also Professor of Educational Psychology, CUNY Graduate Center. He is the author of over 50 book chapters and peer-reviewed articles; his research has been published in a wide range of journals in psychology, psychiatry, education, research methodology, including American Psychologist, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, Journal of Occupational Psychology,  Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Child Development, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Teaching and Teacher Education, Psychological Medicine,  Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior,  and Organizational Research Methods. Dr. Shonfeld has received research grants from National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the Centers for Disease Control (on the effects of job stress on teachers), and the National Institutes of Mental health (on families of suicidal adolescents). He is the Founding Editor of the Newsletter of the Society for Occupational Health Psychology. He regularly teaches courses in Occupational Health Psychology, the Psychology of Youth Violence, Child and Adolescent Development, Experimental Psychology, Statistics, and Research Methods at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.


 


Konstantin P. Cigularov, PhD is Assistant Professor, Industrial-Organizational Psychology and Occupational Health Psychology, Old Dominion University (ODU), Virginia. He has published his research in such peer-reviewed journals asJournal of Safety Research, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Work & Stress, Journal of Business and Psychology, Psychological Services, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, and Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. Dr. Cigularov's scholarly work reflects his general interest in optimizing individual and organizational performance, safety, and health through developing supportive organizational climates and leadership, as well as effective training programs and communications. He has consulted with multiple organizations on needs assessment, development, and evaluation of training programs focusing on organizational climate, communications, and leadership. Dr. Cigularov is a site PI for a five-year grant project funded by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). At ODU he teaches courses in I/O psychology, occupational health psychology, and research methods.