Request Inspection Copy

If you are an Academic or Teacher and wish to consider this book as a prescribed textbook for your course, you may be eligible for a complimentary inspection copy. Please complete this form, including information about your position, campus and course, before adding to cart.

* Required Fields

To complete your Inspection Copy Request you will need to click the Checkout button in the right margin and complete the checkout formalities. You can include Inspection Copies and purchased items in the same shopping cart, see our Inspection Copy terms for further information.

Any Questions? Please email our text Support Team on text@footprint.com.au

Submit

Email this to a friend

* ALL required Fields

Order Inspection Copy

An inspection copy has been added to your shopping cart

Astrophysics in a Nutshell 2ed

by Dan Maoz Princeton University Press
Pub Date:
03/2016
ISBN:
9780691164793
Format:
Hbk 312 pages
Price:
AU$79.00 NZ$83.48
Product Status: Not Our Publication - we no longer distribute
add to your cart
Instructors
& Academics:
Winner of the American Astronomical Society's Chambliss Award, Astrophysics in a Nutshell has become the text of choice in astrophysics courses for science majors at top universities in North America and beyond. In this expanded and fully updated second edition, the book gets even better, with a new chapter on extrasolar planets; a greatly expanded chapter on the interstellar medium; fully updated facts and figures on all subjects, from the observed properties of white dwarfs to the latest results from precision cosmology; and additional instructive problem sets. Throughout, the text features the same focused, concise style and emphasis on physics intuition that have made the book a favorite of students and teachers.


 


Written by Dan Maoz, a leading active researcher, and designed for advanced undergraduate science majors, Astrophysics in a Nutshell is a brief but thorough introduction to the observational data and theoretical concepts underlying modern astronomy. Generously illustrated, it covers the essentials of modern astrophysics, emphasizing the common physical principles that govern astronomical phenomena, and the interplay between theory and observation, while also introducing subjects at the forefront of modern research, including black holes, dark matter, dark energy, and gravitational lensing.


 


In addition to serving as a course textbook, Astrophysics in a Nutshell is an ideal review for a qualifying exam and a handy reference for teachers and researchers.


 



  • The most concise and current astrophysics textbook for science majors--now expanded and fully updated with the latest research results

  • Contains a broad and well-balanced selection of traditional and current topics

  • Uses simple, short, and clear derivations of physical results

  • Trains students in the essential skills of order-of-magnitude analysis

  • Features a new chapter on extrasolar planets, including discovery techniques

  • Includes new and expanded sections and problems on the physics of shocks, supernova remnants, cosmic-ray acceleration, white dwarf properties, baryon acoustic oscillations, and more

  • Contains instructive problem sets at the end of each chapter

  • Solutions manual (available only to professors)



 


 

Preface xii


Constants and Units xvii


Chapter 1: Introduction 1


1.1 Observational Techniques 2


Problems 8


 


Chapter 2: Stars: Basic Observations 10


2.1 Review of Blackbody Radiation 10


2.2 Measurement of Stellar Parameters 14


2.3 The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram 26


Problems 28


 


Chapter 3: Stellar Physics 30


3.1 Hydrostatic Equilibrium and the Virial Theorem 31


3.2 Mass Continuity 35


3.3 Radiative Energy Transport 35


3.4 Energy Conservation 40


3.5 The Equations of Stellar Structure 41


3.6 The Equation of State 42


3.7 Opacity 44


3.8 Scaling Relations on the Main Sequence 45


3.9 Nuclear Energy Production 47


3.10 Nuclear Reaction Rates 52


3.11 Solution of the Equations of Stellar Structure 57


3.12 Convection 57


Problems 60


 


Chapter 4: Stellar Evolution and Stellar Remnants 64


4.1 Stellar Evolution 64


4.2 White Dwarfs 69


4.3 Supernovae and Neutron Stars 82


4.4 Pulsars 89


4.5 Black Holes 96


4.6 Interacting Binaries 99


Problems 109


 


Chapter 5: Star Formation and the Interstellar Medium 115


5.1 Cloud Collapse and Star Formation 115


5.2 H II Regions 122


5.3 Components of the Interstellar Medium 133


5.4 Shocks, Supernova Remnants, and Cosmic Rays 136


Problems 153


 


Chapter 6: Extrasolar Planets 157


6.1 Planet Detection Methods 158


6.2 Planetary System Occurrence and Architecture 175


6.3 Planet Formation and Evolution 178


6.4 Habitable Zones and the Search for Life 180


Problems 182


 


Chapter 7: The Milky Way and Other Galaxies 185


7.1 Structure of the Milky Way 185


7.2 Galaxy Demographics 200


7.3 Active Galactic Nuclei and Quasars 203


7.4 Groups and Clusters of Galaxies 208


Problems 212


 


Chapter 8: Cosmology: Basic Observations 215


8.1 The Olbers Paradox 215


8.2 Extragalactic Distances 216


8.3 Hubble's Law 223


8.4 Age of the Universe from Cosmic Clocks 225


8.5 Isotropy of the Universe 226


Problems 227


 


Chapter 9: Big Bang Cosmology 228


9.1 The Friedmann-LemaƮtre-Robertson-Walker Metric 228


9.2 The Friedmann Equations 231


9.3 History and Future of the Universe 234


9.4 A Newtonian Derivation of the Friedmann Equations 240


9.5 Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe 242


Problems 245


 


Chapter 10: Tests and Probes of Big Bang Cosmology 247


10.1 Cosmological Redshift and Hubble's Law 247


10.2 The Cosmic Microwave Background 251


10.3 Anisotropy of the Microwave Background 255


10.4 Baron Acoustic Oscillations 261


10.5 Nucleosynthesis of the Light Elements 263


10.6 Quasars and Other Distant Sources as Cosmological Probes 266


Problems 269


 


Appendix 275


Index 239


 


 


 


 


 


 

Praise for the first edition: "The presentation of so much material . . . is done very skillfully, with a judicious balance between mathematical discussion and physical argument. The pedagogic value of the text is greatly enhanced by the problems given at the end of each chapter. Altogether, the book lives well up to the publisher's declared aims."--Leon Mestel, Observatory


 
Dan Maoz