Request Inspection Copy

If you are an Academic or Teacher and wish to consider this book as a prescribed textbook for your course, you may be eligible for a complimentary inspection copy. Please complete this form, including information about your position, campus and course, before adding to cart.

* Required Fields

To complete your Inspection Copy Request you will need to click the Checkout button in the right margin and complete the checkout formalities. You can include Inspection Copies and purchased items in the same shopping cart, see our Inspection Copy terms for further information.

Any Questions? Please email our text Support Team on text@footprint.com.au

Submit

Email this to a friend

* ALL required Fields

Order Inspection Copy

An inspection copy has been added to your shopping cart

Dynamics and Evolution of Galactic Nuclei

by David Merritt Princeton University Press
Pub Date:
07/2013
ISBN:
9780691158600
Format:
Pbk 544 pages
Price:
AU$176.00 NZ$181.74
Product Status: Not Our Publication - we no longer distribute
add to your cart
Instructors
& Academics:
Deep within galaxies like the Milky Way, astronomers have found a fascinating legacy of Einstein's general theory of relativity: supermassive black holes. Connected to the evolution of the galaxies that contain these black holes, galactic nuclei are the sites of uniquely energetic events, including quasars, stellar tidal disruptions, and the generation of gravitational waves. This textbook is the first comprehensive introduction to dynamical processes occurring in the vicinity of supermassive black holes in their galactic environment. Filling a critical gap, it is an authoritative resource for astrophysics and physics graduate students, and researchers focusing on galactic nuclei, the astrophysics of massive black holes, galactic dynamics, and gravitational wave detection. It is an ideal text for an advanced graduate-level course on galactic nuclei and as supplementary reading in graduate-level courses on high-energy astrophysics and galactic dynamics.

David Merritt summarizes the theoretical work of the last three decades on the evolution of galactic nuclei, the formation of massive black holes, and the interaction between black holes and stars. He explores in depth such important topics as observations of galactic nuclei, dynamical models, weighing black holes, motion near supermassive black holes, evolution of nuclei due to gravitational encounters, loss cone theory, and binary supermassive black holes. Self-contained and up-to-date, the textbook includes a summary of the current literature and previously unpublished work by the author. For researchers working on active galactic nuclei, galaxy evolution, and the generation of gravitational waves, this book will be an essential resource.


Preface ix

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION AND HISTORICAL OVERVIEW 1

Chapter 2 OBSERVATIONS OF GALACTIC NUCLEI AND SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES 11

2.1 Structure of galaxies and galactic nuclei 11

2.2 Techniques for weighing black holes 18

2.3 Supermassive black holes in the Local Group 29

2.4 Phenomenology 33

2.5 Evidence for intermediate-mass black holes 45

2.6 Evidence for binary and multiple supermassive black holes 47

2.7 Gravitational waves 52

Chapter 3 COLLISIONLESS EQUILIBRIA 57

3.1 Orbits, integrals, and steady states 59

3.2 Spherical nuclei 72

3.3 The adiabatic growth model 90

3.4 Axisymmetric nuclei 93

3.5 Triaxial nuclei 100

Chapter 4 MOTION NEAR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES 117

4.1 Keplerian orbits 120

4.2 Perturbed orbits 125

4.3 The post-Newtonian approximation 131

4.4 Newtonian perturbations 135

4.5 Relativistic orbits 157

4.6 Capture 176

4.7 Relativistic motion in the presence of a distributed mass 183

4.8 Motion in the presence of a second massive body 192

4.9 Stellar motions at the center of the Milky Way 203

Chapter 5 THEORY OF GRAVITATIONAL ENCOUNTERS 213

5.1 Basic concepts and time of relaxation 213

5.2 Diffusion coefficients 216

5.3 Fokker-Planck equation 236

5.4 Gravitational Brownian motion 246

5.5 Orbit-averaged Fokker-Planck equation 251

5.6 Gravitational encounters near a supermassive black hole 264

5.7 Encounters with a spinning supermassive black hole 277

Chapter 6 LOSS-CONE DYNAMICS 289

6.1 Spherical symmetry 297

6.2 Nonspherical nuclei 326

6.3 Binary and hypervelocity stars 341

6.4 Relativistic loss cones and extreme-mass-ratio inspirals 350

Chapter 7 COLLISIONAL EVOLUTION OF NUCLEI 361

7.1 Evolution of the stellar distribution around a supermassive black hole 366

7.2 Cusp (re)generation 383

7.3 Black-hole-driven expansion 390

7.4 Massive perturbers 391

7.5 Evolution of nuclei lacking massive black holes 395

Chapter 8 BINARY AND MULTIPLE SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES 415

8.1 Interaction of a massive binary with field stars 417

8.2 Massive binary at the center of a galaxy: I. Early evolution 432

8.3 Massive binary at the center of a galaxy: II. Late evolution 446

8.4 Interaction of binary supermassive black holes with gas 462

8.5 Simulations of galaxy mergers 467

8.6 Dynamics of intermediate-mass black holes 468

8.7 Triple supermassive black holes and the final-parsec problem 483

Suggestions for Further Reading 489

References 493

Index 535

''This direct, clear, and authoritative book shows Merritt's extensive experience with the techniques needed to understand the motions of stars in galaxies. It will be used as a reference by those who interpret the observations of stellar motions in galactic nuclei and will serve as a basis for further theoretical work.''--Tim de Zeeuw, European Southern Observatory

''A leading expert on the dynamics of galactic nuclei, and of stars near massive black holes, Merritt has led many of the advances in our understanding of these systems. His very timely book fills a large gap in the literature of stellar dynamics and covers all the material that is required to embark on research in this field.''--Tal Alexander, Weizmann Institute of Science

''Merritt is one of the most highly-regarded astrophysical dynamicists in the field. Excellent, complete, and well-balanced, Dynamics and Evolution of Galactic Nuclei reflects his rigorous work.''--Bradley Peterson, Ohio State University
David Merritt is professor of physics at the Rochester Institute of Technology.